Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium Home - Plant Profiles & Photos

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Geranium maculatum has several common names: Wild geranium, spotted geranium, crane's-bill. It is a common woodland native herbaceous perennial plant that blooms in spring.


The flowers are lavender-pink and about 1 to 1.5 inches wide. The 5 petals have radiating streaks which guide insects to the nectar. There are 5 hairy nectar glands between the bases of the petals.

There are 10 stamens in 2 whorls of 5. The anthers are yellow and turn brown with age. The 1 pistil is formed from 5 fused carpels. A carpel each has an ovary, a style and a stigma. So there are 5 of each.

The 5 sepals have non glandular hairs, and have spine-like tips.

Flower development (type Protandrous):

Sometimes there are plants with female only flowers. Its population is small. With both female and bisexual flowers, the plant is said to be gynodioecious 

The second photo shows the sepals and hairs. 

Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium - Flower cluster, infloresence, close up, male and female phase Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium -  Flowers sepals

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The following photos show fruit formation and seed dispersal

Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium fruit Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium fruit

Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium fruit: Daniel L. Nickrent,PhytoImages, Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium fruit


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The plant has many large basal leaves on long petioles (leaf stalks). The leaves are deeply cut with usually 5 main lobes.

Just below the flower on the flower stalk, there is a pair of smaller leaves with short petioles, cauline leaves. These leaves are similar in shape but usually with only 3 main lobes.

Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium  basal leaves Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium  cauline leaves


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Plant and Habitat

The plant grows to be about 1 to 2 ft tall. It grows in woodland areas in semi-shade

Geranium maculatum - Wild Geranium


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White Flowers

The white flowered form, Geranium maculatum forma albiflorum, is uncommon.   This was seen in the Great Smoky Mountains.

Geranium maculatum forma albiflorum - Wild Geranium, white form



Unless otherwise stated, all photos by H & M Ling, mainly May for flowers and June for fruit, Somerset, NJ

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Additional information

Additional online information / references:

The USDA website shows the distribution in the US and Canada:

Plant description:

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